Recognise pigeons

Typical signs for pigeons

  • Pigeon approach
  • Nesting pigeons on roofs or in-wall heels
  • Scattered nesting material as well as dirt and feathers from nests
  • Damaged warehouse goods
  • Faeces deposits

 Whereabouts of pigeons

  • Pigeons occur mainly in cities and the surrounding area.
  • They are mostly found on tall buildings and flat roofs.
  • Balconies, wall heels, chimneys, gutters and shafts are preferred nesting places for pigeons.
  • Every gap of 50 mm or more offers pigeons a chance to penetrate buildings.
  • To gain access to roofs, they also move loose or damaged tiles.



Feral city pigeon / domestic pigeon

(Columba livia forma domestica)



  • The feral city pigeon is about 32 cm tall.
  • Their weight is between 300 and 350 g.
  • The plumage of the city pigeon is blue-grey. Often there are also different colour variants.
  • Their reputation is a typically hollow coo.


  • The primary breeding season of the feral city pigeon is from March to September, but it can also be year-round if the food is cheap.
  • Usually, there are 2 to 3 broods per year.
  • Each clutch contains two eggs.
  • The breeding season is between 17 and 19 days.
  • The young birds stay in the nest for 35 to 37 days until they can fly and leave it independently.

Way of life

  • The feral city pigeon lives in cities and the surrounding area.
  • She stays in constant proximity to her sleeping place.
  • The city pigeon feeds mainly on seeds, green fodder and household waste.
  • It nests mainly on wall projections, ledges, inside caves or comparable places on buildings, sometimes also in closed rooms that can be reached through windows or the like.