Treat wasp sting
A wasp sting is not only uncomfortable due to pain, swelling and itching, but can also lead to life-threatening situations for allergy sufferers and stings in the mouth and throat.
What to do with a wasp sting?
Wasp sting on the skin
- Press the wasp venom out of the wound, but do not suck it out. Otherwise, the wasp venom will spread over the mucous membranes. If present, remove the poison using a suction pad.
- If it is not too late and you want to avoid swelling, dab the sting point with the help of hot (!) Water and a washcloth under light pressure.
- Like basically all insect stings, Wasp stings can be treated with exceptional “sting healers”: The sting point is heated to approx. 50 degrees Celsius. The result: protein molecules or histamines from a wasp or bee venom, mosquito saliva etc., disintegrate, the swelling does not become so great.
- Cool, calm, relaxed! Either with water or, even better, with cooling compresses/ice packs from the refrigerator and then with a cooling gel from the pharmacy. “First aid” is also possible with ice cubes in a washcloth.
- The juice of the onion has a robust anti-inflammatory effect against wasp stings. Cut open halfway and gently rub the stabbed area.
- Treat the puncture site with a clay poultice or a cold vinegar poultice.
- What do beekeepers do against a wasp sting? It is straightforward: dissolve the salt in warm water and dab it on the sting area with a cotton cloth.
- Anti-inflammatory ointments and creams with antihistamine from the pharmacy help quickly forget the wasp sting (e.g. Fenistil) after the “first aid”.
- Home remedies for on the go: rub leaves of ribwort between your hands and apply to the wasp sting.
Wasp sting in the mouth or throat
A wasp sting in the mouth, lip or tongue is highly uncomfortable but usually not dangerous. But what do you do if you get a wasp sting in the throat?
- Keep calm and don’t panic!
- To be on the safe side, drive to the doctor or hospital, as the airways can swell.
- Immediate sucking on ice cubes, as well as ice-cold throat, compresses to combat the swelling.
Wasp sting in allergy sufferers
An insect venom allergy occurs suddenly, for example, with an insect bite and worsens with each subsequent edge of the same insect species. So be careful: a severe skin reaction to a wasp sting, for example, can already indicate an allergy. The next bite can therefore result in life-threatening shock reactions. Around 40 people die of it every year in America, and there are about 3.3 million people who are allergic to insecticides. Symptoms of anaphylactic shock are:
- The skin swelling, wheals and redness at the injection site and on the face.
- Sudden runny nose.
- Burning and itching on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet and in the mouth and throat.
- Dizziness, cold sweats, nausea and vomiting.
- The rapid drop in blood pressure.
- Difficulty breathing.
What to do if you have an allergic shock from a wasp sting?
As first aid, put the allergy sufferer in the so-called shock position or stable side position, i.e. lay flat on the floor, put your feet up, if breathing has stopped, mouth-to-mouth resuscitation must be given immediately.
Insect venom allergy sufferers should always carry an emergency kit with the following items during the wasp season:
- Fast acting antihistamine
- Cortisone preparation
- Tweezers to remove the stinger
- Poison vacuums from outdoor retail
- Suction stamp from the pharmacy
- Adrenaline spray for breathlessness, swollen tongue or circulatory problems – also as an injection
Allergy sufferers should always think about carrying out so-called hyper sensitisation or specific immunotherapy (SIT), which ultimately lead to allergic reactions to insect bites being significantly weakened or completely disappearing. The body is repeatedly given this allergy vaccination, for example, wasp venom extract, in small doses. Over time, a habituation effect occurs until finally there are hardly any reactions. After about three years, the cure rate for wasp sting allergy sufferers is almost 100%.
Avoid wasp stings
There are some essential tips on how to avoid a wasp sting largely. Wasps are insects with an innate behavioural pattern. Knowing about it helps to prevent wasp stings in the future:
- Keep calm and avoid violent movements – jerky movements of humans are interpreted as an attack by wasps. Likewise, panicked wagging, beating, etc., generates air vibrations that encourage wasps to attack and, in the worst case, lead to a wasp sting.
- Don’t blow on! – The carbon dioxide in human breath triggers an alarm and attack mood in wasps and makes them aggressive.
- Food and drink residues attract wasps, and they quickly get to or even into the sensitive mouth and throat areas. Therefore, children should wipe their mouths with wet wipes after a meal.
- Clothing – tight-fitting clothing prevents wasps from becoming entangled and stinging wasps.
- Cover glasses or make sure before drinking that there is no wasp hidden in the drink. As a rule, children drink with a straw or do not allow them to drink from opaque, open containers.
- Showering – Human body sweat attracts wasps. It is therefore advisable to shower immediately after exercising.
- Wear shoes – In the garden, fruit trees, flowers or lawns are popular gathering places for wasps who could feel threatened. For example, it used to be that essential oils such as citronella or cedar oil were applied to the skin.
- Avoid litter bins and garbage cans – especially in public facilities, garbage cans and garbage cans. Since the contents of the container and thus a wasp infestation cannot always be seen directly, it is advisable to be vigilant to avoid stings.